Internet -- NREN

Reference sheet prepared by Jolene M. Morris, District Technology Director, Grand Co. School District


National Research and Education Network

When Vice-president Al Gore was a senator, he sponsored a bill to create NREN (the National Research and Education Network) which would have provided Internet access to all K-12 students. The idea of NREN was to give the same research and information tools to students that were used by businesses and the government. It would have been used to conduct actual research rather than simulate research in education. Teachers could use it to share concepts, ideas, and methodologies with other teachers. Students could use it to communicate with other students and experts in various fields.

The complete text of this bill including editorial comments about its fate is available on the Gopher at the University of Minnesota. Connect to the Gopher at the following address:

gopher.micro.umn.edu

and work through the menus as follows:

Libraries

Electronic Books

By Title

NREN

Commercial Internet Exchange

Because the Internet was begun by the military and expanded to research universities, it has been largely inaccesible to commercial use. Those private companies which got early access to the Internet did so illegally. There is now a group of private companies called the Commercial Internet Exchange (CIX) which provides legal access to commercial interests. When the Internet was opened up to commercial entities, Internet access and specialized client/server software grew rapidly. The CIX has now won Internet access for any individual or company as long as those individuals/companies pay a fair share of Internet costs.

National Information Infrastructure

President Bill Clinton has furthered the concept of a nationwide information network. He has made a proposal to expand the Internet to every school and public library. This proposal is called the National Information Infrastructure (NII).

The Future of the Internet

While there is no one central body making rules for and governing the Internet, the Internet will continue to grow and provide a service.

An interesting article about the social and political implications of the Internet may be obtained by ftp or via Gopher:

Anonymous ftp:

Address: ftp.spies.com

Path: /Library/Cyber/cyber.net

Gopher:

Name: Internet Wiretap

Address: wiretap.spies.com

Menu Path: Wiretap Online Library

Cyberspace

Political & Social Impl.

If you are interested in more information and technical proposals for the future of the Internet, send e-mail:

Address: Internet-drafts@

nri.reston.va.us

Body: help

Other Internet Resources

Gopher Mail is a guide to Gopher resources. This is especially useful for people with e-mail access but no Gopher access.

Gopher:

Address: gopher.nips.ac.jp

Choose: About GopherMail

Internet Engineering contains information about the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).

Anonymous ftp:

Address: wuarchive.wustl.edu

Path: /doc/ietf/

Internet Growth Statistics contains information about the growth of the Internet as well as discussion of other global networks including Bitnet, uucp, and Fidonet.

Anonymous ftp:

Address: tic.com

Path: /matrix/growth/internet/

Gopher:

Address: nysernet.org

Path: Special Collections: Internet

Growth info. abt. the Internet

Internet Society Gopher contains information about this Society which is related to the technical side of the Internet.

Gopher:

Address: ietf.cnri.reston.va.us

Internet Worm was a program written by Robert Morris Jr. (no relation to the author) and released on the evening of November 2, 1988. This program duplicated itself, got out of hand, and much of the Internet had to be shut down. This site contains information and reports about the Internet Worm.

Anonymous ftp:

Address: nic.funet.fi

Path: /pub/doc/security/worm/

InterNIC Information Services is a database of resources on the Internet.

Telnet:

Address: ds.internic.net

Address: rs.internic.net

IP Address Resolver will help you find the IP address of an Internet site and send you an e-mail message with the address.

Mail:

Address: dns@grasp.insa-lyon.fr

Body: site sitename

Net Happenings is a mailing list of information about activities on the Internet.

Listserv mailing list:

List: net-happenings@is.internic.net

Subscribe: listserv@is.internic.net

People on the Internet is an attempt to form an online white pages to people on the Internet. It includes access to Knowbot, Netfind, PSI White Pages, UK searches, Whois, and X.500 searches.

Gopher:

Address: yaleinfo.yale.edu

Path: The Internet

People on the Internet

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